Artikal Sound System v. Dua Lipa (“Live Your Life” vs. “Levitating”)
The Estate of Randy Wolfe v. Led Zeppelin (“Taurus” [Spirit] vs. “Stairway to Heaven”)
The Estate of Jimmy Smith v. Drake (“Pound Cake/Paris Morton Music 2”)
Radiohead v. Lana Del Rey (“Creep” vs. “Get Free”)
Estate of Marvin Gaye v. Ed Sheeran (“Thinking Out Loud” vs. Let’s Get it On”) 
Queen and David Bowie v. Vanilla Ice (“Pressure” vs. “Ice Ice Baby”)
Estate of Marvin Gaye v. Robin Thicke and Pharell Williams (“Got to Give it Up” vs.“Blurred Lines.”
Fogerty (Label for Credence Clearwater Revival) v. Fogerty (“Run Through the Jungle” “The Old Man Down the Road”)  
Roy Orbison v. 2 Live Crew (“Pretty Woman”) 
Rolling Stones v. The Verve (“The Last Time” vs .“Bittersweet Symphony”)
Bright Tunes Music Copr. (The Chiffons) v. George Harrison (“He’s So Fine” vs. “My Sweet Lord”) 
The Hollies v. Radiohead (“The Air That I Breathe”  vs. “Creep”)
Huey Lewis and the News v. Ray Parker, Jr. (“I want a New Drug” vs. “Ghostbusters”) 
Tom Petty v. Sam Smith (“I Won’t Back Down” vs. “Stay With Me”)
The Kinks v. The Doors (“All Day and All of the Night” vs. “Hello, I Love You”)
Jake Holmes v. Led Zeppelin (“Dazed and Confued” vs. “Dazed and Confused”)
Willie Dixon v. Led Zeppelin (“You Need Love” vs. “Whole Lotta Love”)
Willie Dixon v. Led Zeppelin (“Bring it On Home” vs. “Bring it ON Home”)
Matt Cardle v. Ed Sheeran (“Amazing” vs. “Photograph”)           
Joe Satriani  v. Cold Play (“If I Could Fly” vs. “Viva La Vida”)  
Similar to HANK WILLIAMS’ “MOVE IT ON OVER” (1940s)  ?
Similar to THE BEACH BOYS, “SURFIN’ USA” (1963) ?
B) What about the “Weird Al” Yankovic version, “SMELLS LIKE NIRVANA” (1992)?
Similar to EAGLES, “HOTEL CALIFORNIA”  (1976) . See also
B) What about the Jim Carrey version presented on In Living Color? (1991)
Similar to “STAIRWAY TO HEAVEN” (1971)?
See also
Score Card:
ROCK AROUND THE CLOCK: Infringing:  YES______  NO_____

SURFIN’ USA: Infringing:  YES______  NO_____
A) SMELLS LIKE TEEN SPIRIT:  Infringing:   YES____  NO_____

B) SMELLS LIKE NIRVANA:  Infringing:   YES:____  NO_____
 YOU AIN’T SEEN NOTHING YET:  Infringing:   YES____ NO_____

HOTEL CALIFORNIA:  Infringing:   YES____ NO____
A) ICE  ICE BABY. Infringing:   YES____  NO____
B) ICE ICE BABY (Carrey Vers.). Infringing:   YES____  NO____

STAIRWAY TO HEAVEN  Infringing    YES___  NO___

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1969: Laser Printer
          Mouse Pad
           Magnetic Levitaion (Maglev)
1970: Fiber Optics
1971: Personal Computer (P.C.)
Anti-Lock Brakes
Universal Product Code (UPC) (Bar Code)                  
 1972: Video Game Console 
           Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
 1973: Cellular Telephone
             Voice Mail
 1974:  Post-It Notes
 1975:  Digital Camera
 1978:  Electronic Spreadsheet
              Microwave Popcorn Bag
 1979:   Sony Walkman
 1981:   Space Shuttle    
             Graphical Use Interface (clicking icons and images with a mouse)
 1982:   Computer Virus
 1983:  Microsoft Word 
 1984:   Macintosh (Apple) Personal Computer
             DNA Sequencing 
 1986:  3-D Printing  
 1988:  Disposable Contact Lenses 
            Stealth Bomber
 1989:  WorldWide Web (HTML) and (URL)
 1990:  Hubble Space Telescope
            Caller ID  
            Portable GPS
 1991: Mobile Broadband
 1992:  E-Mail
 1994:  Predator Drone 
            Bluetooth (2000: incorporated into products)
 1996:  Google (search)
 1997:  Hybrid Car (Gas/Electric) 
            Flat Screen Display
            MP3 Players 
 1998:  International Space Station
 1999:  WiFi
 2000:  Virtual Reality Generator
            Camera Phone
            USB Flash Drive
               PlayStation 2
 2001:  iPod 
            Human Genome Map
 2002:  Blu-ray Disc
 2004:  Facebook  
 2005:  You Tube
            Google Maps
 2006:  Twitter
 2007:  iPhone
 2008:  Android Smart Phone
 2009:  Fitbit
 2010: Siri
 2012: Google Glass
 2013: Self-Driving Car
 2015: Tesla Model X
           Reusable Rockets
 2016: Oculus Rift
2018: Metal 3-D Printing
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Original: Otis Redding
Cover: Arthea Franklin
Original: Peter Frampton
Covers: Will to Power (w. Freebird Medley)
            Big Mountain
Original: Merilee Rush
Covers: Juice Newton
Original: David Bowie
Cover: Nirvana
Original: Dolly Parton
Cover: Whitney Houston
Original: Richard Berry
Cover:  The Kingsmen
Original: Ike and Tina Turner
Cover: Credence Clearwater Revival
Original: Van Morrison
Cover:  Patti Smith
Original:  Richie Vallens
Cover:  Los Lobos
Original: Th Arrows
Cover: Joan Jett & The Blackhearts
Original: Bob Dylan
Cover: Jimi Hendrix
Cover: Lenny Kravitz
Original: Lis Sorenson
Cover: Natalie Imbruglia
Original: Carole King
Cover: James Taylor
Original: The Rolling Stones
Cover: David Bowie
Original: Lori Lieberman
Cover: The Fugees (Lauryn Hill)
Original: Robert Hazard
Cover: Cyndi Lauper
Origina; The Isely Brothers
Cover; The Beatles
Original: Dolly Parton
Cover: The White Stripes
Original: Leonard Cohen
Cover: Jeff Buckley
Original: Richard Harris
Cover: Donna Summer
Original: Shocking Blue
Cover: Banarama
Origina: Carl Perkins
Cover: Elvis Presley
Original: The Beatles (Ringo Starr)
Cover: Joe Cocker
Original: Bruce Springsteen
Cover: Patti Smith
Original: Joni Mitchell
Cover: Counting Crows
Original: The Eagles
Cover: The Gypsy Kings
Original: Seals & Croft
Cover: The Isley Brothers
Original: Badfinger
Cover: Harry Nilsson
Original: Gloria Jones
Cover: Soft Cell
Original: Willie Nelson; Elvis Presley
Cover: Pet Shop Boys
Original: Neil Diamond
Cover: UB40
Original: Frank Sinatra
Cover: Sid Vicious

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  • Another Saturday Night
  • Be My Baby
  • Blue Velvet
  • Blowin’ in the Wind
  • Da Doo Ron Ron
  • Go Away Little Girl
  • Heat Wave
  • He’s So Fine
  • If You Wanna Be Happy
  • I Will Follow Him
  • Puff the Magic Dragon
  • Ring of Fire
  • Wipe Out
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Rum Bum Racing Likes:

Here’s the schedule for NASCAR champion’s week
Nashville, Tennessee is set to host the NASCAR Awards ceremony. The show takes place at Music City Center.
View the 2022 NASCAR Awards schedule below.
All 16 NASCAR Cup Series playoff drivers will be in attendance. NASCAR’s Most Popular Driver will be announced during the show.
Thursday’s NASCAR Awards will not be shown live. Instead, the show will air via a tape delay on Saturday.
NASCAR Cup Series
Champion: Joey Logano
NASCAR Xfinity Series
Champion: Ty Gibbs
NASCAR Truck Series
Champion: Zane Smith
Country music artist Erin Kinsey will perform during the show.
NASCAR Awards Show
2022 Schedule

5:00PM CT
Music City Center 
8:00pm ET
December 3, 2022

Peacock (Tape Delayed)

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Rum Bum Racing Happy Holidays!!

From the Family at Rum Bum Racing:

Merry Christmas from all the good folks at Rum Bum Racing!!


The post Rum Bum Racing Happy Holidays!! appeared first on Rum Bum Racing ®.

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Rum Bum Racing ® Likes:

This Saturday from 5 pm to 10 pm car show at Cheddars located at 16455 SW 88 Street Miami Fl 33196. Parking is in the back. All free event. All cars makes models years clubs etc. are welcome. Please respect our simple rules: no burnouts no peeling out no loud music or open containers. Thank you all for your continued support. For more information follow us on Instagram @kustomwheelscarshowmiami or on Facebook @ Kustom Wheels Car Show.

The post Rum Bum Racing ® Likes: appeared first on Rum Bum Racing ®.

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Rum Bum Racing Likes:



When: JANUARY 14-15, 2023

Where: JW Marriott Turnberry Resort and Spa (Aventura, FL)

Event: Motorcar Cavalcade Concours d’Elegance

Link:  (for details) 

“Launching the New Year with an unforgettable unification of cars, cuisine and lifestyle.”


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RUM BUM® Mulls Return of Rum Bum® race competitive car.

Luis Bacardi’s RUM BUM® empire may soon rev up old No. 13 (the RUM BUM® racing Porsche) for more IMSA races.

Stay tuned for more details, as they become available.

RUM BUM® Information:

The RUM BUM® racing team had a great run from 2010-2015:

2010: 3 Wins (Daytona, Trois-Rivieres, Miller Motorsports Park)

BMW Manufacturer Championship

2011: 3 Wins (Daytona, Lime Rock Park, Mid-Ohio Sports Car Course)

BMW Manufacturer Championship

2012: 5 Wins (Barber Motorsports Park, Homestead-Miami Speedway, Road America, Watkins Glen, Lime Rock Park)

IMSA Team Champions, Porsche wins Manufacturer Championship

2013: 3 Wins (Barber Motorsports Park, Mid-Ohio Sports Car Course, Road America)

IMSA Team and Driver Champions, Porsche wins Manufacturer Championship

2014: 1 Win (Kansas Speedway)

2015: 3 Wins (Daytona, Road America, Virginia International Raceway)

The post RUM BUM® Mulls Return of Rum Bum® race competitive car. appeared first on Rum Bum Racing.

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RUM BUM RACING: The 2019 IMSA standings looks competitive this year.

RUM BUM RACING reviews the current IMSM 2019 standings and the 2020 schedule.


Songs (a/k/a musical compositions) as a form of original and creative expression are protectable using U.S. Copyright Law. Unfortunately, the threat of litigation and damages associated with copyright infringement do not deter everyone.

Over the years, there have been many claims that a later song copied or infringed an earlier musical composition. Some threats turned into lawsuits; others did not. 

You may be interested to learn the identities of some of the songs on the list (with the song name and original group or artist listed first, followed by the allegedly infringing song and group/artist):

  • HE’S SO FINE (The Chiffons): My Sweet Lord, George Harrison
  • GOT TO GIVE IT UP (Marvin Gaye): Blurred Lines, Robin Thicke
  • RUN THROUGH THE JUNGLE (CCR [Credence Clearwater Revival): The Old Man Down the Road, John Fogarty
  • SWEET LITTLE SIXTEEN (Chuck Berry): Surfin’ U.S.A., The Beach Boys
  • BRING IT ON HOME (Willie Dixon): Bring it on Home, Led Zeppelin
  • YOU NEED LOVE (Willie Dixon): Whole Lotta Love, Led Zeppelin
  • GHOSTBUSTERS (Ray Parker, Jr.): I Want a New Drug, Huey Lewis and the News
  • ICE, ICE BABY (Vanilla Ice): Under Pressure, Queen/David Bowie
  • OH, PRETTY WOMAN (Roy Orbison): Pretty Woman, 2 Live Crew  
  • YOU CAN’T CATCH ME (Chuck Berry): Come Together (The Beatles)
  • KOOKABURRA SONG (Larrikin Music): Down Under, Men at Work
  • I WANNA BE YOUR BOYFRIEND (the Rubinoos): GIRLFRIEND, Avril Lavigne
  • TAURUS (Spirit): Stairway to Heaven, Led Zeppelin
  • WE USED TO KNOW (Jethro Tull): Hotel California, The Eagles
  • IF I COULD FLY (Joe Satriani): Viva La Vida (Coldplay)
  • I WON’T BACK DOWN (Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers): Stay with Me, Sam Smith
  • POUR SOME SUGAR ON ME (Def Leppard): Midnight Memories, One Direction
  • LOVE IS A WONDERFUL THING (The Isley Bros.): Love is a Powerful Thing, Michael Bolton
  • THE AIR THAT I BREATHE (Albert Hammond): CreepSong, Radiohead
  • TAJ MAHAL (Jorge Ben Jor): Do Ya Think I’m Sexy? Rod Stewart 
  • SORRY (Justin Bieber): Ring the Bell, White Hinterland
  • BABA O’RILEY (The Who): Best Song Ever, One Direction
  • DAZED AND CONFUSED (Jake Holmes): Dazed and Confused, Led Zeppelin
  • LADY JANE (The Rolling Stones): Borrowed Tune, Neil Young   
  • CRESCENT CITY BLUES (Gordon Jenkins): Folsom Prison Blues, Johnny Cash
  • ALL DAY AND ALL OF THE NIGHT (The Kinks): Hello, I Love You, The Doors
  • UGLY AS I SEEM (The White Stripes): Born Free, Kid Rock
  • ANACREON IN HEAVEN (John Stafford Smith): The Star-Spangled Banner (words by Francis Scott Key).
  • PICTURE BOOK (The Kinks): Warning, Green Day
  • FATHER AND SON (Cat Stevens): Fight Test, The Flaming Lips
  • EXPRESS YOURSELF (Madonna): Born this Way, Lady Gaga
  • CRIMSON AND CLOVER (Tommy James and the Shondells): Black Magic, Jarvis Cocker

Did you see any songs you know on this list? Were you surprised? Listen to them; see if you agree. Coincidence or rip-off?

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Notable cover versions of great songs.

Musical tastes and preferences are, of course, subjective. Each of us has a list, mental or otherwise, of our favorite songs. And, then, every once in a while, some other artist or group comes along and hits a high note with an impressive — and, sometimes, even better — version. Here are some notable examples, in my opinion, of course:

  • AFRICA (Toto): Weezer (feat. Weird Al Yankovic)
  • ALL ALONG THE WATCHTOWER (Bob Dylan): Jimi Hendrix
  • ALWAYS ON MY MIND (Brenda Lee): Willie Nelson; Pet Shop Boys
  • ANOTHER SATURDAY NIGHT (Sam Cooke); Cat Stevens; Jimmy Buffett
  • BAKER STREET (Gerry Rafferty): Foo Fighters
  • BORN TO BE WILD (Steppenwolf): Blue Oyster Cult
  • DER KOMMISSAR (Falco): After the Fire
  • HAZY SHADE OF WINTER (Simon & Garfunkel): The Bangles
  • HOUSE OF THE RISING SUN (Bob Dylan): The Animals
  • I CAN’T GET NO SATISFACTION (Rolling Stones): Devo
  • KING OF THE ROAD (Roger Miller): R.E.M.
  • LIGHT MY FIRE (The Doors); Jose Feliciano
  • LINGER (The Cranberries): Arcade Fire
  • MOON RIVER (Andy Williams): Frank Ocean
  • MY WAY (Frank Sinatra): Sid Vicious
  • OH, PRETTY WOMAN (Roy Orbison): Van Halen
  • ROCK THE CASBAH (The Clash): Rachid Taha
  • SMOOTH CRIMINAL (Michael Jackson): Alien Ant Farm
  • SOLO (Lorde): Frank Ocean
  • STAIRWAY TO HEAVEN (Led Zeppelin): Heart
  • SWEET DREAMS (Eurythmics): Marilyn Manson
  • TAINTED LOVE (Ed Cobb/Gloria Jones): Soft Cel; Marilyn Manson
  • VENUS (Shocking Blue): Bananarama
  • WALK THIS WAY (Run DMC): Aerosmith
  • WILD WORLD (Cat Stevens): Bastille
  • WONDERWALL (Oasis): Ryan Adams
  • YOUR SONG (Elton John) Lady Gaga
  • ZOMBIE (The Cranberries): Bad Wolves

What songs are on your Greatest Covers List?

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RUM BUM FILMS Produces BEAT TV’s Live Broadcast of Resistance at Ultra Music Festival Miami 2018

March 2018 Rum Bum Studios Produces BEAT TV’s Live Broadcast of Resistance at Ultra Music Festival Miami 2018: The team was lead by Producer Michael Zoyes and Broadcast Engineer Alex Lopez streamed a multi-camera broadcast live for up to 8 hours per day over the 3 day event. The system included several small Iconix Cameras mounted in the Resistance DJ Booth and an array of Sony and RED Cameras strategically placed around the massive moving stage. The post Rum Bum Studios Produces BEAT TV’s Live Broadcast of Resistance at Ultra Music Festival Miami 2018 appeared first on Rum Bum Studios.
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RUM BUM FILMS & Dre Films work with Skip Marley to record an acoustic version of Johnny Was for Island Records

Just recently Dre Films & Rum Bum Films collaborated with Skip Marley in recording an acoustic version of Skip’s grandfather’s song “Johnny Was” as the song was featured in the recently released film “Yardie”. Producer/Director Michael Zoyes from Rum Bum Films and Executive Producer Dre from Dre Films worked together with Skip to create a timeless acoustic performance video that can be seen at the link below. Rum Bum Films is owned and operated by Luis Bacardi from the Bacardi Rum Family.   The post Rum Bum Films & Dre Films work with Skip Marley to record an acoustic version of Johnny Was for Island Records appeared first on Rum Bum Studios.
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General Fishery For Atlantic Bluefin Reopens Thanks To Quota Transfer

The Atlantic bluefin tuna General fishery will reopen December 1 for the first time since early October, thanks to a transfer of quota.

NOAA Fisheries is transferring 25.6 mt from the Harpoon category to the General category, part of which will fill in for overharvests made in the September, October, and November subquota. The unused portion, however, results in 12.7 mt for the General category’s December subquota period, thereby providing fishermen with a chance to participate in the December fishery and harvest the U.S.’s remaining quota.

The Harpoon category closed for the year as of November 15. The General category had previously been closed on September 17 – October 1, and then opened for four days before closing again from October 5 through the month of November because the allocated catch quota had been reached. If not for the transfer of Harpoon quota, the General category would remain closed for the rest of the year as there was no remaining quota.

NOAA Fisheries is reminding General category participants that when the Atlantic bluefin fishery does reopen December 1, 2017, a daily retention limit of one large-medium or giant fish is in place.

The General category applies to vessels permitted in the commercial Atlantic tunas General category, as well as those in the HMS Charter/Headboat category while fishing commercially. Dealers are required to submit landing reports to NMFS within 24 hours of receiving a bluefin tuna. Additionally, General category and HMS Charter/Headboat category vessels are required to report the catch of all bluefin retained or discarded dead within 24 hours of landing.

The post General Fishery For Atlantic Bluefin Reopens Thanks To Quota Transfer appeared first on The Billfish Foundation.

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2017 ICCAT Commission Meeting Concludes With Quota Shifts

More than 700 delegates from 47 member nations met in Marrakesh last week for the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT) to discuss management strategies for several valuable species. The United States is one of many countries party to the commission, an inter-governmental organization responsible for the conservation of tunas and other migratory fish in the Atlantic Ocean.

A look at the Nov. 2017 ICCAT meeting in Marrakech (credit: Julia Snouck-Hurgronje)

This year, tunas, swordfish, and sharks were on the agenda as scientists brought recommendations based on research findings. The catch limit for western Atlantic bluefin tuna was increased to 2,350 metric tons (mt), resulting in a 17% quota increase for U.S. fishermen. NOAA Fisheries reports that this level of catch will avoid overfishing while providing for the stability of the fishery over the next three years. The catch limit for the eastern Atlantic/Mediterranean stock was also increased for the 2018-2020 period, alongside fishery monitoring and control measures.

Atlantic bluefin tuna (credit: NOAA Fisheries)

Bluefin tuna are arguably the most valued fish in the sea, and a higher quota means higher profit for many in the industry. Quota decisions have become highly politicized, and continue to increase despite attempts by environmental group to list the Pacific bluefin tuna as an endangered species considering its drastically reduced numbers. In commercial tuna fishing, many non-target species are also threatened, including sea turtles, sharks, and billfish.

The North Atlantic shortfin mako is one such species, and after conducting a new stock assessment, ICCAT’s scientific committee advised in October that the stock is overfished and overfishing is occurring. It was decided last week to focus on measures that will reduce fishing mortality as well as efforts to improve data collection. Additional scientific advice was called for on biologically important areas for this species, and the effectiveness of mitigation measures such as circle hooks, which have significantly improved billfish survival rates. When the Commission convenes in 2019 it must establish a shortfin mako rebuilding plan.

ICCAT members reached an agreement at this meeting that lowers the total allowable catch for the North Atlantic swordfish stock in order to ensure it remains healthy. A recent assessment shows that the stock is not overfished nor is overfishing occurring, although the rate of recovery has been slower than expected.

And after seven years of negotiations and amendments to the original 1969 ICCAT Convention, the Commission is nearing the final stage of reshaping their mission to reflect more modern principles, such as the precautionary approach and ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management. The amendments will also clarify the scope of the Commission, particularly when it comes to sharks, which are currently not explicitly considered.

The Billfish Foundation participates in as many ICCAT meetings as possible, providing a voice not only for billfish but also for recreational anglers. TBF President Ellen Peel has served as the Recreational Chair to ICCAT, Peter Chaibongsai is currently an advisor on the U.S. Advisory Committee to ICCAT, and Heather Tomasetti presented research regarding fish aggregation devices to the scientific committee in September.

The post 2017 ICCAT Commission Meeting Concludes With Quota Shifts appeared first on The Billfish Foundation.

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Sailfish, Ceviche, and Tag Cards At Casa Vieja Lodge in Guatemala

It was during the slow, hot days of a south Florida summer that The Billfish Foundation and Waterlust hatched a plan to boost each of their marine conservation efforts. The two groups have worked together in the past, together creating a short film called “Moneyfi$h” that demonstrated the billfish conservation work to which TBF is dedicated. This time, the project focused on media: Waterlust has a new product design in the making, and needed high quality images of the various colors and patterns exhibited by sailfish, while TBF needed photo and video content of all kinds to help spread their message more widely.

The next step was finding a location with endless opportunity for sailfish bites. That’s when TBF’s Peter Chaibongsai declared, “Hands down, Casa Vieja Lodge in Guatemala.”  TBF contacted long-time supporter Casa Vieja Lodge (CVL), who graciously offered to host the group of marine conservationists for a fishing trip on the aptly named vessel Release.

TBF’s Science & Policy Associate, Adrienne Katz, Waterlust’s Jennah Caster and Laura Graham, and Robert “Fly” Navarro, there to provide his fishing expertise and add to the conversation, made up the project’s team. They arrived in Guatemala on Sunday, October 22, and after a scenic drive to the lodge, were greeted by Lodge Manager Elisa Sheeder and her staff, armed with local hibiscus cocktails. Preparations soon after began for the next day of fishing with Release’s Captain Chico and his mates, Arturo and Alex.

Over the following three days the group tagged 23 sailfish and a single blue marlin, released an additional eight sailfish and one blue marlin without tags, and kept a few mahi mahi for lunch. Each day ended with reviewing the captured media footage and filling out the constant tag cards. “Sitting by the pool, filling out tag cards, going over the excitement of the day while snacking on fresh-caught yellowtail sashimi, I had to remind myself this was in fact, a work trip,” said Katz.

Aside from the service, food, drinks, and of course the fishing, a notable nicety of Casa Vieja Lodge is the intimate atmosphere that makes it easy to get to know the other groups staying at the property. Adrienne and Fly were able to talk billfish conservation with other guests, also anglers, many of whom were interested in TBF’s tagging program. And because all of the CVL captains tag and report their releases, it was exciting for them to hear pieces of the fish puzzle come together with the broad knowledge of taggings Adrienne shared.

TBF thanks Casa Vieja Lodge for hosting this project team, as well as Waterlust and Fly for their commitment to our work. We are looking forward to sharing new videos and images from this trip, and can’t wait to make it back down to Guatemala!

The post Sailfish, Ceviche, and Tag Cards At Casa Vieja Lodge in Guatemala appeared first on The Billfish Foundation.

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Atlantic Billfish & Swordfish 2017 Landings Update

NOAA Fisheries recently released an updated estimate of recreational billfish landings in the Atlantic Ocean, as well as commercial and recreational landings of swordfish, thus far in 2017.

From January 1 through September 30, 2017, NMFS reports landings of Atlantic blue and white marlin, roundscale spearfish, and western Atlantic sailfish in number of fish. The table below identifies how many of each have been caught so far this year.

2017 Atlantic billfish landings (credit: NOAA Fisheries)

This landings information is compiled from a number of sources: self-reports in the Atlantic Highly Migratory Species (HMS) Non-Tournament Recreational Swordfish and Billfish Landings Database, tournament landings from the Atlantic Tournament Registration & Reporting (ATR) system, catch card reports from North Carolina and Maryland, as well as individual billfish intercepted by the Large Pelagic Survey and Marine Recreational Information Program (MRIP).

In the U.S., the recreational billfish fishery is limited to a total maximum of 250 Atlantic blue and white marlin and roundscale spearfish landings, combined, per year. This helps maintain populations of the species at healthy levels considering they face fishing pressure from numerous nations. Not included in this 250 fish landings limit is the Western Atlantic sailfish.

NMFS also released the landings estimate for Atlantic swordfish stocks for the year, through October 31, 2017. The numbers are generated using commercial dealer reports as well as reports by anglers in the HMS Non-Tournament Recreational Swordfish and Billfish Landings Database and the Recreational Billfish Survey. The tables below show 2017 landings and remaining quota for the North Atlantic Swordfish stock and the South Atlantic Swordfish stock, respectively.

2017 landings of North Atlantic swordfish stock as of Oct. 31 (credit: NOAA Fisheries)

2017 landings of South Atlantic swordfish stock as of Oct. 31 (credit: NOAA Fisheries)

The post Atlantic Billfish & Swordfish 2017 Landings Update appeared first on The Billfish Foundation.

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FAD Project Takes Next Step At GCFI Conference

Team members from The Billfish Foundation joined in the Gulf & Caribbean Fisheries Institute conference held in Merida, Mexico last week. It was the 70th anniversary of the conference, where scientists, managers, and fishers all come together to share information, new technologies, and collaborate on solutions.

Both of TBF’s summer 2017 interns were accepted to present their projects at the conference: one a poster and the other an oral presentation. The poster’s topic was a study of consumer attitudes toward seafood and purchasing behavior. Do people really care where their fish comes from? The short answer is yes, the public cares about seafood sustainability, but their actions rarely reflect this attitude as most do not spend the money to purchase certified seafood, nor do many consider the fishing gears that cause the most damage.

TBF’s newest staff member and former intern, Heather Tomasetti, presented her research on fish aggregation device (FAD) management in the Caribbean. The product of this research is a guide to building a FAD management plan, which was well received by the audience. TBF was able to meet with several interested parties while at the weeklong conference and develop next steps for the research.

Heather Tomasetti presents her FAD management guide at the GCFI Conference

With a handful of groups who have expressed interest in utilizing the guide, TBF intends to determine the best locations for several pilot projects. There are groups that consist entirely of recreational anglers, communities that are made up of both recreational and artisanal fishers, and even one interested co-op of artisanal fishers. Over the next year, we will be working to identify which locations are most feasible and ready to use the guide and begin preparing for implementation.

In the Caribbean, there is very little management of FADs, which has led to explosive conflict between users on the water, in some instances the stealing of fish from recreational anglers by artisanal fishermen. TBF is hopeful that deployment, fishing effort, and catch can all be appropriately managed through community involvement. This guide is the first step in working towards that kind of sustainable solution.

The post FAD Project Takes Next Step At GCFI Conference appeared first on The Billfish Foundation.

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Results From ‘Grander’ Marlin Sample Available Years After Landing

We now know a little bit more about the massive marlin that was caught off Hawaii nearly a decade ago. On September 1, 2009, three anglers landed a blue marlin (Makaira nigricans) 21 miles south of Honolulu: the fish measured 12.2 feet long and weighed 1,245 pounds. At over 1000 lbs, the blue marlin is also known as a “grander” marlin.

Anglers pose with a grander blue marlin caught off Hawaii in 2009 (credit: NOAA PIFSC)

Fish of this size are difficult to study because they are difficult to land in the first place. The captain, crew, fisherman and locals acted quickly to take size measurements and save the head in order to provide the National Marine Fisheries Service with highly sought after data. In the marlin’s head is the key to answering the question of its age—its otoliths, or ear bones (but any calcified hard parts such scales, vertebrae, and fin spines can be used for aging fish). These calcium carbonate structures, also found in humans, are incredibly tiny yet act as a calendar, laying another layer year after year, similar to the rings found within tree stumps. Scientists can use radioactive carbon dating as a time marker to date a point in the otolith and count forward from there.

Fish otoliths, the ear bones frequently used to age fish, beside a dime for scale (credit: NOAA Fisheries)

In the case of this grander blue marlin, the otoliths were found to weigh less than half a single grain of rice, and both could fit on a dime. The Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center announced last week that they were finally able to age the grander blue marlin, and discovered that it was just 20 years old.

The first reaction is to be surprised by the young age of such a large fish. It means this blue marlin would have to be growing at an astonishing rate each year—however, there is research from young blue marlins that supports a staggering growth rate. The Billfish Foundation (TBF) is working on furthering this research to determine the potential maximum age. Such information will aid in understanding fluctuations in the fishery over time.

TBF will be working with Dr. John Hoolihan from the University of Miami Cooperative Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, and Dr. Jiangang Luo from the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science to analyze age and growth data from Atlantic blue marlin. Previous samplings have made available the cross sections of anal fin spines from about 1700 blue marlin gathered in Venezuelan and U.S. fisheries. Among this collection are numerous examples of very large, older individuals. The objective of this project is to develop improved growth rate curves and estimates of maximum age to help reduce the level of uncertainty in the stock assessment process.

When it comes to billfish, many questions remain. It is hoped that this research will help answer some questions, which can then be used in proper management.

The post Results From ‘Grander’ Marlin Sample Available Years After Landing appeared first on The Billfish Foundation.

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TBF Calls For Collective Management of FAD Fisheries

Humans have known for centuries that fish are attracted to floating objects. Fishermen have taken advantage of this behavior by fishing around palm fronds, seaweed patches, and any debris that may be found in the open ocean. Theories for the behavior vary from protective sheltering to following food to stock enhancement, all attributable to the floating object. More recently, this behavior has been utilized by both the commercial and recreational sectors seeking large pelagic species, usually found scattered throughout the vast ocean. If a floating object attracts these fish, then it’s a floating object we’ll use to catch them.

Fish aggregating devices, known as FADs, are becoming increasingly popular for catching highly migratory fish such as tunas and billfish. Drifting FADs are used in the Pacific by the tuna industry, while anchored FADs are used in Australia by recreational anglers as well as in the Caribbean by artisanal fishers. It’s a foolproof strategy: deploy a FAD in an area where pelagic species travel, wait for the fish to congregate, and then watch as the catch yields marlin after marlin or school upon school of tuna.

The commercial tuna industry sees FADs as the future of the fishery, while artisanal fishers in lesser-developed nations utilize FADs for food and survival. Recreational anglers, however, seem to be torn between the allure of a guaranteed Grand Slam and the notion of diminishing the challenge that is sport fishing.

Whatever your stance on the sport of it, it’s hard to deny the uncertainty. With thousands of FADs being deployed into the oceans each year, we simply do not know the impact. Are there truly more fish to be caught, perhaps populations are increasing due to the aggregating behavior? Or does it just seem that way because all the individuals have congregated in this particular location? There is also the possibility that FADs may affect migratory patterns as fish learn to avoid the hundreds of objects in their route, or oppositely, are so attracted to the FADs that they fail to move on. In addition, FADs have been blamed for contributing to the expansive problem of marine debris. Very rarely are drifting FADs retrieved, and those that are anchored often break free from their line in rough weather or due to a ship strike, leaving the nets, cables, and buoy materials to freely float through the sea until sinking or washing ashore.

Social relationships can also be strained amid FAD fisheries, as multiple users have an interest in catching the same collection of aggregated fish. Conflicts arise in places such as the Caribbean, where recreational anglers compete with artisanal fishers for the same resource. FADs purely for recreational fishing have had success in Australia, but all anglers adhere to a national FAD Code of Conduct in order to avoid disputes on the water.

The Billfish Foundation calls for a collaborative management effort in FAD fisheries. The drafting and implementing of plans should be inclusive of all sectors, and address not only the environmental concerns but also the social repercussions that have been witnessed elsewhere. It is important to draw from success stories as well as examples of warning in order to develop FAD management strategies that are participatory and fair. While FADs offer an efficient means of catching elusive migratory species, their rapid deployment should come with a word of warning that we are in uncharted waters.

If you’d like to see more research on FADS, become a member to support our work and have your voice heard.

The post TBF Calls For Collective Management of FAD Fisheries appeared first on The Billfish Foundation.

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Florida’s Saltwater Industry Back In Business After Irma

Following the wrath of Hurricane Irma came the destruction: downed trees, debris thrown across roadways, docks uplifted from their posts, boats sunken or tossed on land, and in some cases complete flattening of structures.

Bud N’ Mary’s Marina before and after Hurricane Irma (credit: Facebook)

The entire state of Florida felt the massive storm and its aftermath in some way, not least of all the recreational and saltwater industry. Tourism is a strong economic generator for the state, but took a beating during the hurricane. Entertainment parks like Disney World and Miami Seaquarium, water activities like charter fishing and craft rentals, and entire destinations like Key West all shut down in preparation and in the wake of Irma.

Several weeks later, however, and the industry is declaring itself open for business. The Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) is sending out notices that the recreational and saltwater industry is back, and town representatives are giving the all clear for tourism to resume. It’s a chicken-and-egg situation: tourism dollars are needed to keep these communities afloat, but visitors are unsure about what is left after the natural disaster. The Billfish Foundation would like to echo much of the rest of the state in saying that the recreational and saltwater industry is back and ready for action.

Tony DiGiulian, an angler who operates out of Fort Lauderdale, could not work for a handful of days after Irma. The hurricane caused him to have at least five cancelled charters. Due to the stalled business of boats like his, tackle shops, electricians, marinas and other secondary marine businesses were the ones really hurt, DiGiulian said.

In Miami, charter captain Bouncer had his boat stored in the Dusky factory where it stayed safe. While Miami Beach Marina was in good condition, power was out just like everywhere else causing a pause in operations. A week later they were able to get back out fishing, a great feeling he said.

Support the Keys economy by eating lunch at a local restaurant

The Florida Keys were hit particularly hard by Hurricane Irma and suffered significant damage. Once basic needs were met, however, debris was removed and work began on rebuilding docks and retrieving lost lobster pots. Nick Stanczyk operates out of Bud N’ Mary’s Marina in Islamorada, where the docks were completely lost. Rebuilding is underway, however, and new pilings are going in this week. By the end of September the marina announced on Facebook that they were open for business, albeit with limited operations, with a few rooms open, charters available, and the party boat resumed.

As the FWC Commissioner put it, “Keep those fishing trips and vacations on the books if you can. These fishermen and women are ready to work, and need your business now more than ever. We are going to come back stronger than ever, but we need your help.”

The post Florida’s Saltwater Industry Back In Business After Irma appeared first on The Billfish Foundation.

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Atlantic Bluefin Tuna General Fishery Open 4 Days Before Another Closure

The Atlantic bluefin tuna General category fishery for large-medium and giant bluefin tuna closes Thursday October 5, 2017 for roughly two months. This comes just four days after the October 1 reopening of a previous closure instituted on September 17.

The National Marine Fisheries Service made the decision to close the fishery based on the best available landings information in addition to current catch rates and fishing conditions. NMFS determined that the September subquota for the General category will be reached by October 5, warranting a closure.

This closure applies to vessels permitted in the commercial Atlantic tunas General category as well as the HMS Charter/Headboat category. It goes into effect at 11:30 p.m. local time and lasts through November 30, 2017. Retaining, possessing, or landing large-medium or giant (measuring 73 inches curved fork length or greater) by persons aboard such permitted vessels must cease at this time.

During the closure fishermen may catch and release or tag and release bluefin tuna of all sizes, in correspondence with best handling practices to maximize survival.

When the fishery does reopen on December 1, 2017, the daily retention limit for the category will be one large-medium or giant bluefin tuna per vessel per day/trip.

The post Atlantic Bluefin Tuna General Fishery Open 4 Days Before Another Closure appeared first on The Billfish Foundation.

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Tunas & Floating Objects Dominate Conversation At ICCAT

The International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (and other highly migratory species, HMS) convened mid-September in Madrid, Spain specifically to discuss management of tropical tunas followed by the topic of fish aggregation devices (FADs).

The first gathering regarding tropical tunas was largely made up of scientists, with heavy representation from Spain, France, and the U.S., as well as with individuals from Japan, Ivory Coast, the International Seafood Sustainability Foundation, and more. The purse seine fishery is of primary concern when it comes to tropical tunas, as most are caught in this type of gear. Further, purse seine vessels often set on tuna schools that have been aggregating thanks to a floating object, known as a FAD (fish aggregating device). ICCAT has recognized the significance of FADs in tuna fisheries, and began to work toward FAD management measures during this week in Madrid.

Definitions first had to be agreed upon:

  • what constitutes a set on a FAD? It is currently determined by the observer, but a FAD may be submerged below the surface and therefore difficult to see. Such a definition may also vary by nation. It was determined by ICCAT that a vessel’s distance from a FAD is important in defining whether the purse seine set is a FAD set.
  • “non-entangling” and “biodegradable” FADs: several ongoing projects (through the EU and ISSF) are investigating the biodegradable and non-entangling capabilities of particular materials that will help define these terms within the next year.

Other action items specified in 2016 and now addressed:

  • better vessel logbook recording
  • guidelines for captains to record qualitative information
  • identifying indicators for school management
  • measures for consolidating the database

Two more days were subsequently dedicated to FADs. A discussion began with a call for more data, as only a handful of contracting parties to the commission had submitted information in the first year (Spain, Curacao, and St. Lucia in 2012). The data request changed in 2015 to include more detailed information, and again in 2016. This proved to be a point of contention as scientists felt they do not have enough, or the right kind, of data, while the commercial tuna industry felt that the data requests were endless, complicated, and vastly time consuming. It was agreed that more information is needed but requests should be streamlined, a clarification that must be made by the Commission.

Presentations followed during which time studies from all parts of the world related to FADs were described. Topics included:

  • Biodegradable ropes are being experimented with in the Maldives
  • Effects FADs have on tuna stocks
  • Tuna’s colonization of FADs
  • Analyzing the pattern of FAD use by French tuna vessels to determine whether captains are fishing their own or others
  • Need for drafting specific FAD management objectives

TBF staff member Heather Sadusky (right) presents to the ICCAT working group on FADs

Following this session, Heather Sadusky, TBF staff member presented the topic of anchored FADs, which had previously received little to no attention at ICCAT meetings. These FADs are typically closer to shore and largely used by artisanal fishers with interest from recreational anglers as well. Tunas, billfish, mahi and wahoo are often caught around anchored FADs, and conflict between users is common, hence the need to develop management strategies. The presentation was met with comments of agreement from many West African nations, including Sao Tome and Principe, Ivory Coast, and Nigeria, where anchored FADs are used by artisanal fishers and zero management is employed. The group agreed that anchored FADs require management and will need to consider this sector in the future.

The FAD working group meeting wrapped up with finalizing recommendations to provide to the Commission, the body of politicians who make the decisions.

It is important to note the gathering of stakeholders at this fisheries conference: countries, scientists, non-governmental organizations, research institutes, and conservation groups all convened to bring topics to light and decide upon the best course of action for managing tuna as well as fish aggregation devices. While many have individual agendas, the group setting allows for an open discussion and concludes with agreed-upon recommendations for the decision-making arm of ICCAT. This can sometimes lead to vague or broad recommendations in order to satisfy all stakeholders, but these are often viewed as capable of being modified, and a step in the right direction for the long-term sustainability of fish stocks. TBF is pleased to be a part of the international fisheries community, to continue to have a voice at the table, and highlight the use of anchored FADs in the Atlantic.

The post Tunas & Floating Objects Dominate Conversation At ICCAT appeared first on The Billfish Foundation.

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NOVA Halts Longline Research

Recommendations For Atlantic Swordfish Vary By Stock

Highly migratory species, including tunas and billfish, travel the world’s oceans and traverse national boundaries. Regional fishery management organizations (RFMOs) work at the international level to manage such species, bringing together scientists and policymakers from all nations who have a stake in the fishery. The International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tuna (ICCAT) is the RFMO that manages tuna, billfish, and sharks in the Atlantic Ocean. Recommendations are made each year based on the best available science and catch limits are set. However, assessing the health of each species requires a substantial amount of data and cannot be accomplished on a yearly basis. That is why stock assessments are highly anticipated in the fisheries community, and why it’s very exciting to announce the release of the 2017 Atlantic swordfish stock assessment.

ICCAT recently published its report on Atlantic swordfish, and came to two different conclusions for the North Atlantic and South Atlantic stocks.

The last assessment for North and South Atlantic swordfish was in 2013. The scientists behind this year’s assessment, including TBF’s chief scientist Dr. Phil Goodyear, utilized two different modeling programs to be sure of their results. They considered environmental factors to understand habitat suitability and therefore swordfish distribution, and used data on catch (amount of biomass) and effort (number of hooks) to assess the health of the stock. The scientists also included variations such as area, year, bait type, and fleet differences in their modeling.

For the North Atlantic swordfish stock, the main fleets targeting the fish as well as providing the data were the U.S., Japan, Canada, Morocco, EU-Spain, and EU-Portugal. ICCAT found this swordfish population to be steady. The rate of recovery has been slower than expected, but by 2015 the stock biomass is above the accepted sustainability threshold of MSY, or maximum sustainable yield (the level at which a stock is capable of yielding maximum product to a fishery while also maintaining a stable population). In fact, catch of North Atlantic swordfish has been below the total allowable catch (TAC) set by the Commission in the past few years. “Both models agreed that overfishing is not occurring and biomass is either higher or very close to BMSY,” (p.11, ICCAT, 2017). This is very positive news considering the dismal shape of swordfish stocks in recent history. It suggests conservation measures, such as closed zones, are working to protect valuable species

The South Atlantic swordfish stock, however, has a different story. Brazil, Uruguay, Japan, Spain, Chinese Taipei, and South Africa provided data for this stock assessment, which showed that the South Atlantic swordfish stock has been declining since 1990 as catches increase. ICCAT determined that the current stock’s biomass is below the threshold of MSY. Since 2010, catch has remained under the expected surplus in accordance with predicted rebuilding of the biomass. “Both models agreed that the southern swordfish stock biomass is overfished, and that overfishing is either occurring or current F [mortality] is very close to FMSY,” (p.11, ICCAT, 2017).

Going forward, ICCAT predicts that the North Atlantic swordfish population will remain at or above Bmsy (biomass will stay at the sustainable level of MSY). The South Atlantic swordfish stock, however, will require a reduced catch to rebuild the population to biomass levels that would create MSY.

After finalizing assessments of Atlantic swordfish stocks, both north and south, ICCAT recommended two specific management measures:

  • For the North Atlantic, “It was determined that future catches around or above 12,900 t would likely result in a decrease in biomass,” (p.15). Until this updated assessment, the TAC for North Atlantic swordfish had been set at 13,700 t.
  • And for the South Atlantic, “Current level of catches (10,058t) will rebuild the stock to achieve the Convention objectives by 2020…The TAC should not exceed 13,000 t,” (p.15).

TBF remains cautiously optimistic about this report, agreeing with the science that catch should not reach, nor breach, the TAC and should instead remain below to ensure a healthy stock. This assessment comes from the science branch of ICCAT, and it is now up to those of the policy branch to adopt the recommended science-based conservation measures.

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Atlantic Bluefin Tuna Fishery Closes For September

The Atlantic bluefin tuna General category fishery for large-medium and giant bluefin tuna (73 in. curved fork length or larger) closes September 17, 2017 for the remainder of the month.

The National Marine Fisheries Service instituted the closure, effective 11:30 p.m. local time Sunday night, until the reopening on October 1, 2017. It was determined that the subquota for September will have been reached by Sept. 17, and therefore the closure is warranted.

The closure, which affects vessels permitted in the commercial Atlantic tunas General category as well as the HMS Charter/Headboat category, is intended to prevent overharvest and thereby ensure fishing opportunities in the remaining subquota months.

Catch and release fishing is still permissible, as is tag and release, for all sizes of bluefin tuna assuming best handling practices are exhibited and the fish is left in the water. However, retaining, possessing, or landing large-medium or giant bluefin tuna by anyone aboard vessels permitted in the Atlantic tunas General and Highly Migratory Species Charter/Headboat categories must cease at 11:30 p.m. September 17, 2017 through September 30, 2017.

The post Atlantic Bluefin Tuna Fishery Closes For September appeared first on The Billfish Foundation.

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Sailfish Brewery Welcomes TBF At Tag & Release Festival

Members of The Billfish Foundation team spent a full Saturday at the Sailfish Brewing Co. in Fort Pierce, Florida for Labor Day weekend activities.

Tag & Release festival at the Sailfish Brewing Co.

The brewery hosted a Tag & Release Festival to announce the new can for its Tag & Release Amber Ale, a beer named after TBF’s global billfish tagging program. A watermelon eating contest was also on the agenda, as well as live music from two local groups. Patrons were able to visit TBF’s stand for a prize wheel spin or to enter the raffle. Numerous drawings throughout the day made for many happy winners – from a TBF humidor with cigars to a Yeti Tank, the prizes were worth much more than the $5 ticket!

TBF is thrilled to partner with like-minded groups who strive to support and sustain the ocean and fishing opportunities. Nick Bischoff, one of the founders of Sailfish Brewing Company, explains why this was a natural partnership, “The Billfish Foundation has made an impact on my life and has truly changed the sportfishing industry. The tag and release program has created a sense of duty for anglers to conserve these amazing species. TBF has been a part of our team since our inception, and this is our way to say ‘Thank you’ as well as share with and educate the public about this amazing organization. The passion and hard work TBF puts into conservation matches what we put into our beer, which makes our partnership a match made in heaven.”

Going forward, a portion of Sailfish Brewing’s sales from the Tag & Release Amber Ale cans will go toward TBF to support our work to conserve billfish stocks worldwide.

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University Reputation at Stake With Swordfish Project in Closed Zone

TBF takes aim at longline research in Florida’s closed zone by targeting NOVA Southeastern University, where the permitted scientist works. NOVA’s reputation for community relations and science could be harmed by research project!

See the letter TBF sent to the university President below.

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The post University Reputation at Stake With Swordfish Project in Closed Zone appeared first on The Billfish Foundation.

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